The heart has four chambers that are regulated by four valves: the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, aortic valve, and pulmonary valve. The mitral valve is often associated with disease and is the topic of this paper. It consists of annulus, both posterior and anterior leaflets, and chordate that connect the leaflets to the papillary muscles.
Although mitral valve prolapse is a lifelong disorder, many people with this condition never have symptoms. When diagnosed, people may be surprised to learn that they have a heart condition. When signs and symptoms do occur, it's typically because of mitral regurgitation. Mitral valve prolapse symptoms can vary widely from one person to another.
The four valves are: the tricuspid, pulmonary semilunar, mitral, and aortic semilunar. There are many abnormalities or defects that can affect their operation and in this paper, I will discuss the most common one which is a “mitral valve prolapse.”.
Blood normally flows through the mitral valve from the left atrium to the left ventricle of the heart. When the ventricles contract, the leaflets prolapse (flop backwards) into the left atrium, sometimes allowing leakage of blood through the valve opening back into the left atrium.
Free Essay: The mitral valve is the valve that regulates flow from the left atrium of the heart into the left ventricle. This valve is subject to a few.
If any are not working correctly, blood cannot flow or be pumped effectively to the heart. The four valves are: the tricuspid, pulmonary semilunar, mitral, and aortic semilunar. There are many abnormalities or defects that can affect their operation and in this paper, I will discuss the most common one which is a “mitral valve prolapse.”.
Mitral valve area determined by planimetry reflects the anatomic orifice area and is largely independent of hemodynamic variables, left ventricular compliance and concomitant valvular disease. However, planimetry by 2-D echo requires significant experience and operator skill to define the correct image plane that displays the true mitral valve orifice.
After a doctor believes to have detected mitral valve prolapse the patient is sent for an echocardiograph. An echocardiograph is the most useful test for mitral valve prolapse. Echocardiography can measure the severity of prolapse and the degree of mitral regurgitation. It can also detect areas of infection on the abnormal valves.
Download file to see previous pages This paper shall discuss mitral valve prolapse, its causes, incidence, and risk factors, as well as interventions and treatment measures. This paper is being carried out in order to establish a clear and comprehensive understanding of the condition, its impact on the health, as well as related nursing interventions.
Valvular heart disease is characterized by damage to or a defect in one of the four heart valves: the mitral, aortic, tricuspid or pulmonary. These conditions occur largely as a result of ageing. Most people are in their late 50s when diagnosed, and more than one in ten people over 75 have it.
Mitral valve disease is caused if mitral valve does not function properly. This leads to backflow of blood into the left atrium. Enough blood cannot pass into left ventricle which leads to less supply of oxygenated blood to rest of the body leading to fatigue, shortness of breath and other symptoms.
A replacement heart valve can give a new lease of life to people with heart valve disease. Dr Pablo Lamata explains the different valve types to Senior Cardiac Nurse Emily McGrath. Plus, watch our new animations to see how healthy and replacement heart valves work.
Mitral valve regurgitation, when some of your blood flows the wrong way through a valve in your heart, doesn’t have to slow you down. This is especially true if you have a mild case of it. There.
The most common disease to affect the mitral valve is mitral regurgitation (MR). This is when blood leaks backward through the mitral valve when the left ventricle contracts, and means that the heart has to work harder to push blood around the body. Symptoms of MR include fatigue, shortness of breath and worsening heart failure.
Mitral valve prolapse is a condition in which the two valve flaps of the mitral valve do not close smoothly or evenly, but instead bulge (prolapse) upward into the left atrium. Mitral valve prolapse is also known as click-murmur syndrome, Barlow's syndrome or floppy valve syndrome. When the heart pumps (contracts) part of one or both flaps.
The mitral valve apparatus consists of anterior and posterior leaflets, chordae tendineae, anterolateral and posteromedial papillary muscles, and mitral annulus. Any aberrations of the mitral valve apparatus, due to mechanical, traumatic, infectious, degenerative, congenital, or metabolic causes, may lead to mitral regurgitation (MR).
The Essay on Mitral valve prolapse. The human heart is the strongest and most vital organ in the human body. This amazing machine keeps us alive day after day and it is important to take care of our bodies so we can live a long healthy life.
Mitral Stenosis and Regurgitation Symptoms. Mitral stenosis and regurgitation do not always cause problems, with just mild leaking or narrowing in many cases. Both forms of mitral valve disease can force the heart to work harder, though. This compensation can lead to: Heart failure; Pulmonary hypertension.
Mitral stenosis is a heart valve disorder that narrows or obstructs the mitral valve opening. Narrowing of the mitral valve prevents the valve from opening properly and obstructs the blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle. This can reduce the amount of blood that flows forward to the body.